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Volume 11 issue 2 October 2010



This month’s NETFISHING continues its look at the history of Egypt by seeing what the World Wide Web has to say about the Late Period, and the kings of the Twenty-second, Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Dynasties.


The decision made by Osorkon II to consolidated his position as king, by appointing his sons as administrators of different parts of the country, was to set a precedent for, in time, his successors would come to look upon these lands as their own; by the end of the Twenty-second Dynasty, different lines of ‘kings’ ruled over different parts of the country. None of these monarchs had the power or authority to extend their control over all of Egypt and so the land returned to a state of division, with different ‘dynasties’ each ruling their own local areas and establishing petty princedoms each based upon one of the major cities of Egypt.


Descendants of the Libyan kings still ruled from Tanis (the Twenty-second Dynasty) whilst the High Priests of Amun had effective control over Upper Egypt. In the reign of Sheshonq III (around 818 BC) another kingdom had also become established in the Delta, based on the city of Leontopolis. This was to form the Twenty-third Dynasty. This family line was an offshoot of the Tanis kings and they ruled in parallel with the kings of the Twenty-second Dynasty who controlled much of the Delta. Elsewhere other cities vied for power, and around 727 BC the ‘kings’ of the town of Sais, another major city of the Delta, established their own rule, so forming the Twenty-fourth Dynasty.


The following table shows the approximate overlap of the kings of these three dynasties:


22nd Dynasty at Tanis 23rd Dynasty at Leontopolis 24th Dynasty at Sais
Osorkon II - -
Sheshonq III Takelot II -
ditto Pedubastis I /Iuput I -
ditto Sheshonq IV -
ditto Osorkon III -
Pimay ditto -
Sheshonq V Takelot III -
ditto Rudamun Tefnakht
Pedubastis ditto ditto
Osorkon IV ditto Bakenrenef
ditto Iuput II ditto


For a general overview (and differing opinions) of this rather confused period, refer:











Little is known of many of the kings of this period, but some information is available on the Web for:


Sheshonq IV http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheshonk_IV

Sheshonq V http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoshenq_V



Pimay (Pami) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pami

Osorkon IV http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osorkon_IV



Pedubastis http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedubast

Osorkon III http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osorkon_III

Takelot III http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takelot_III

Rudamum http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudamun

Tefnakht http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tefnakhte


Bakenrenef http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bakenrenef


Eventually, in 747 BC, the invasion of the Nubian King Piankhy (Piy) brought about a reunification of Egypt and centralised authority was restored once more – as will be discussed in the next issue


Victor Blunden

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